Different ways to form social ties between people and groups

Jason Yip
Sep 30, 2023

Via Organizational Analysis | Coursera

  • Propinquity — We tend to form close relationships with people we frequently encounter.
  • Homophily —We tend to like people who are similar to ourselves.
  • Exchange — “I give you X for Y.”
  • Reciprocity — If someone does something positive for us, we tend to want to do something positive for them in return.
  • Control — Forming a relationship for interpersonal advantage or status.
  • Balance / transitivity — Friend of a friend is my friend; enemy of my enemy is my friend.
  • Cultural practices and norms — In this activity, I’m supposed to have this kind of relationship. For this role, I’m supposed to have this relationship.



Jason Yip

Senior Manager Product Engineering at Grainger. Extreme Programming, Agile, Lean guy. Ex-Spotify, ex-ThoughtWorks, ex-CruiseControl