How does culture “eat” strategy?

What is culture?

In Organizational Culture and Leadership, Edgar Schein identifies 3 levels of culture:

I see the first two levels of culture as more “culture theatre” with the third level being actually the most important.

What is strategy?

In Good Strategy Bad Strategy, Richard Rumelt describes the kernel of strategy as:
1. Diagnosis;

2. Guiding policy;

3. Coherent actions.

How does culture “eat” strategy?

A culture “eats” strategy when basic underlying assumptions mean:

NOTE: There is no good citation that Peter Drucker ever said “culture eats strategy for breakfast”.

NOTE: A lot of what Im saying is inspired by Edgar Schein who did say “culture constrains strategy” in Organisational Culture and Leadership.

Senior Agile Coach at Spotify, ex-ThoughtWorks, ex-CruiseControl

Senior Agile Coach at Spotify, ex-ThoughtWorks, ex-CruiseControl